Ivanka Trump Dark Green Meria Boots/Booties,Henry Beguelin Gray Leather Over The Knee Tall Boots 37.5Taupe Italian Leather Western Style Distressed Sz8.5 Boots/BootiesJoie Dove Gray "Jackson" Woven Boots/Booties,Hunter Green Rain Tall Buckle Boots/Booties,Stuart Weitzman Burgundy Playtime Suede Over The Knee Boots/BootiesIsabel Marant Ivory White Prescott Suede Leather Wedge Boots/Booties,Christian Louboutin Black Madame Menodo 100 Leather Bow PumpsDiba Red Multi Low Tilda Boots/Booties,Bottega Veneta Peach New Patent Leather Heel Woven Detail It 38.5/ 8.5 322713 7805 Pumps,Rag & Bone Gray Harrow Suede Ankle Boots/Booties,Sam Edelman Black & Tan Boots/BootiesTod's Red High with Zip Boots/Booties,Christian Louboutin Pink Louis Flat Veau Velour Spikes Suede Boots/Booties,Valentino Black Rockstud Cabochon Caged 100 Mm Pumps,Christian Louboutin White Fifi 100mm Patent Leather Pumps,BDG Camel Tan Urban Outfitters Leather Riding Boots/BootiesChristian Louboutin Ombre Black/Red Pigalle Follies Degrade 100mm Eu 39 So Kate Pumps,YRU Silver Holographic Pink Jew Boots/BootiesCorral Boots Pink Tan Collection Boots/Booties,Christian Louboutin Black Pigalle Follies 100 Suede Pumps,Ariat Red Western Deertan Cowboy 031064 Boots/Booties,Sam Edelman Dark Grey Elina Suede Leather Over The Knee Tall Boots/Booties,Blondo Black Made In Canada Boots/Booties,Rag & Bone Grey Newbury Ankle Boots/Booties,Christian Louboutin Patent Black So Kate Pumps,Jeffrey Campbell Blue Gray Truly- F Cow Hair Boots/Booties,Burberry White Red Black Heart Nova Check Wedge Boots/BootiesMiss Albright Congac and Maroon Boots/Booties,Christian Louboutin Black Tac Clac 100 Disco Pumps,
It would simply be a replay of the sequence that prevailed from 1921–39 as the original currency war started by Weimar Germany morphed into trade wars started by the United States and finally shooting wars started by Japan in Asia and Germany in Europe.
The existing currency war started in 2010 with Obama’s National Export Initiative, which led directly to the cheapest dollar in history by August 2011.
The currency war evolved into a trade war by January 2018. Unfortunately, a shooting war cannot be ruled out given current developments in North Korea and the South China Sea.
The reasons the currency war and trade war today are repeating the 1921–39 sequence are not hard to discern. Countries resort to currency wars when they face a global situation of too much debt and not enough growth.
Wear these glamour amplifying Giuseppe Zanotti boots and get ready to grab everyone's attention. Crafted from leopard print calf hair, these boots feature pointed cap toes in mint green suede and triple ankle wraps with green-colored buckles. Elevated on 11 cm stiletto heels, the boots have leather lined insoles.
Includes: Original Box,Original Dust Bag,Info Card
Everyone is worse off and no one wins.
Once leaders realize the currency wars are not working, they pivot to trade wars. The dynamic is the same. One country imposes tariffs on imports from another country. The idea is to reduce imports and the trade deficit, which improves growth. But the end result is the same as a currency war. Trade partners retaliate and everyone is worse off as global trade shrinks.
The currency wars and trade wars can exist side by side as they do today. Eventually, both financial tactics fail and the original problem of debt and growth persists. At that point, shooting wars emerge. Shooting wars do solve the problem because the winning side increases production and the losing side has infrastructure destroyed that needs to be rebuilt after the war.
Vince Camuto Gray/Taupe New Suede Thigh High Fold To Knee High M Boots/BootiesMadewell Taupe Billie Suede Ankle Boots/Booties,Tory Burch Tan 37 Brown Leather Zip Boots/Booties,Rebecca Minkoff Taupe Cara Stacked Heel Boots/Booties,Rag & Bone Camel Harrow Boots/Booties,See by Chloé Taupe Melia Ankle Fold Over Boots/Booties,Loeffler Randall Tan and Black Boots/BootiesRebecca Minkoff Sand Illan Suede Fringed Ankle Boots/BootiesJimmy Choo Brown + Beige Knee-high Zipper Snake Boots/Booties,Barneys New York Brown Camel Coop Boots/Booties,Saint Laurent Beige Tribute Camel Suede Platform Calf Boots/Booties,Frye Tan and Brown/Khaki Wedges Boots/BootiesJ.Crew Tan Suede with Shearling Trim Lined Wedge Boots/Booties,Giuseppe Zanotti Nude/Beige New Large Studded Gladiator Heel Sandals - Boots/Booties,Diane von Furstenberg Tan Jena Chelsea Boots/BootiesTory Burch Tan Sofia Lug Sole Leather Mid-heel Boots/Booties,Burberry Black Tan Classic Rainboats Boots/Booties,Free People Vintage Tan Braided Boots/Booties,Dior Beige Christian Teresse Lattice Ankle Boots/BootiesPour La Victoire Light Taupe Suede Cierra Boots/Booties,Dolce Vita Beige Perforated Low Heel Boots/Booties,Rag & Bone Camel Sullivan Boots/Booties,Vince Camuto Tan Simlee Buckle Boots/Booties,Cole Haan Tan Woven Tall Boots/Booties,Rick Owens Taupe Wedge Ankle Boots/Booties,Fendi Dark Brown and Beige Thin Wedge Boots/BootiesSigerson Morrison Taupe Vintage Suede Ankle Boots/Booties,Frye Beige Suede/Nubuk Cowboy Western Boots/BootiesKendall + Kylie Beige Violet Boots/BootiesJoie Buff (Beige) Snakeskin Embossed Leather W/Pierced Suede Boots/Booties
What most surprised me about the new trade war was not that it started, but that the mainstream financial media denied it was happening. It’s possible to date the trade war from January 2018 when Trump announced tariffs on solar panels and appliances mostly from China.
A deeper analysis would look back to 2001 when China joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) and immediately began to break the rules, or 2008 when China cheapened its currency to prop up exports during the global financial crisis. But January 2018 is a more formal date because the Trump tariffs were explicit and not indirect as China’s tactics had been.
The media have consistently denied the impact of this trade war. Early headlines said that Trump was bluffing and would not follow through on the tariffs. He did. Later headlines said that China was just trying to save face and would not retaliate. They did.
Today the story line is that the trade war will not have a large impact on macroeconomic growth. It will. The mainstream media have been wrong in their analysis at every stage of this trade war. The trade war is here, it’s highly impactful and it will get worse. The sooner investors and policymakers internalize that reality, the better off they’ll be.
The easiest way to understand the trade war dynamics is to take Trump at his word. Trump is not posturing or bluffing. He will agree to trade deals, but only on terms that improve the outlook for jobs and growth in the U.S. Trump is not a globalist; he’s a nationalist. That may not be popular among the elites, but that’s how he sets policy. Keeping that in mind will help with trade war analysis and predictions.
Trump is entirely focused on the U.S. trade deficit. He does not care about global supply chains or least-cost production. He cares about U.S. growth, and one way to increase growth is to reduce the trade deficit. That makes Trump’s trade policy a simple numbers game rather than a complicated multilateral puzzle palace.
If the U.S. can gain jobs at the expense of Korea or Vietnam, then Trump will do it; too bad for Korea and Vietnam.
From there, the next step is to consider what’s causing the U.S. trade deficit. This chart tells the story. It shows the composite U.S. trade deficit broken down by specific trading partners:
The problem quickly becomes obvious. The U.S. trade deficit is due almost entirely to four trading partners: China, Mexico, Japan and Germany. Of those, China is 64% of the total. President Trump just concluded a new trade deal with Mexico that benefits both countries and will lead to a reduced trade deficit as Mexico buys more U.S. soybeans.
The U.S. has good relations with Japan and much U.S.-Japanese trade is already governed by agreements acceptable to both sides.
This means the U.S. trade deficit problem is confined to China and Germany (often referred to euphemistically as “Europe” or the “EU”). The atmosphere between the U.S. and the EU has been improving lately and Germany knows it needs to make concessions in order to avoid punitive tariffs on EU exports to the U.S.
Therefore, the global trade war is not global at all but really a slugfest between the U.S. and China, the world’s two largest economies. This reality and the gravity of the situation are beginning to sink in even to the most Pollyanna-ish rookie journalists. Seasoned market-maker and stock specialist Stephen “Sarge” Guilfoyle offered this insightful analysis in his blog for Aug. 31, 2018:
Part of the problem with market reaction to trade news is that keyword-reading algorithms react ahead of human response to any news item. Every time. Price discovery has become perverse. This is now part of the complex, changing environment. Just this week, we have already seen a tremendous effort to renegotiate a NAFTA deal that has the backing of both the United States and Mexico. A deadline for bringing Canada on board looms today…
Less than two weeks ago, the president threatened to pull the United States out of the WTO (World Trade Organization). The president has complained in the past that the WTO does not always side with the U.S. and sometimes infringes on rights of self-determination.
While President Trump rattles that cage, the comment period for U.S. plans to impose a 25% tariff on another $200 billion worth of annual Chinese imports is due to expire. This is an extension of the U.S./China trade war that the Chinese side will be unable to match dollar for dollar without getting creative…
The president also rejected a European Union offer to scrap automobile tariffs, citing European consumer habits that lead to a greater appetite across that continent for vehicles manufactured on the continent. “Almost as bad as China,” I believe is what President Trump said…
Guess what? In the realm of global trade, the United States is an extremely desirable customer. In fact, for most, we are their best customer.
Think the still export-based Chinese economy can afford to sell significantly less manufactured goods across borders? Think that same Chinese economy can allow for a significant devaluation of U.S. sovereign debt? That’s their book, gang.
Think EU manufacturers can afford to sell substantially fewer vehicles inside U.S. borders? Of course not. The winner, as always in tense negotiation, will be the one that the other side believes will walk.
Even China is slowly coming to the realization that the trade war is real and here to stay. Senior Chinese policymakers are beginning to refer to the trade war as part of a larger strategy of containment of Chinese ambitions that may lead to a new Cold War. They’re right.
Unlike in other policy arenas, Trump enjoys bipartisan support in Congress. The Republicans are backing Trump from a national security perspective and the Democrats are backing him from a pro-labor perspective. China sees the handwriting on the wall.
This trade war will not end soon, because it’s part of something bigger and much more difficult to resolve. This is a struggle for hegemony in the 21st century. The trade war will be good for U.S. jobs but bad for global output. The stock market is just waking up to this reality. The currency wars and trade wars are set to get worse.
Investors should prepare now.
for The Daily Reckoning